General

include MS-DOS Command

Type: Internal (6.0 and later) Syntax: INCLUDE= blockname Purpose: Used in the CONFIG.SYS file to allow you to use the commands from one CONFIG.SYS block within another. Discussion The INCLUDE command is very useful if you find you are repeating the same commands within your CONFIG.SYS file. You can put …

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shift MS-DOS Command

Type: Internal (2.0 and later) Syntax: SHIFT Purpose: Increases number of replaceable parameters to more than the standard ten for use in batch files. Discussion Usually, you can only enter up to ten parameters at the time you start a batch file (%0 through %9). Use this command to shift …

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msbackup MS-DOS Command

Type: External (6.0 and later) Syntax: MSBACKUP [setup_file][/BW|/LCD|/MDA] Purpose: Used to backup or restore one or more files from one disk to another. Discussion With MS-DOS, Microsoft provides MSBACKUP for MS-DOS as well as for Windows. You determine if one or the other (or both) will be available by the …

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keyb MS-DOS Command

Type: External (3.3 and later) Syntax: KEYB KEYB [xx][,][yyy][,][d:][path]filename [/E][/ID:(number)] Purpose: Loads a program that replaces the support program for U. S. keyboards. Discussion The two letter code, xx must be one of the following: US UNITED STATES FR FRANCE GR GERMANY IT ITALY SP SPAIN UK UNITED KINGDOM PO …

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msd MS-DOS Command

Type: External (6.0 and later) Syntax: MSD [/I][/F[d:][path][filename] [/P[d:][path][filename] [/S[d:][path][filename] MSD [/B][/I] Purpose: Provides detailed technical information about your computer. Discussion MSD allows you to examine technical information about your computer in two different formats. You can use the MSD interface or you can create a report. Detailed information about …

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menuitem MS-DOS Command

Type: Internal (6.0 and later) Syntax: MENUITEM=blockname, [menutext] Purpose: Used in the CONFIG.SYS file to create a start-up menu from which you can select a group of CONFIG.SYS commands to be processed upon reboot. Discussion The MENUITEM command can be used only within a menu block in your CONFIG.SYS file. …

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Call MS-DOS Command

Type: Internal (3.3 and later) Syntax: CALL [d:][path]batchfilename [options ] Purpose: Calls another batch file and then returns to the current batch file to continue processing. Discussion Used within a batch file to specify the name of another batch file (a file with the .BAT filename extension). The original batch …

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fastopen MS-DOS Command

Type: External (3.3 and later) Syntax: FASTOPEN d:[=n][/X] Purpose: Keeps track of the locations of files for fast access. Discussion FASTOPEN locates files on a fixed disk by searching your disk`s directory structure in a predetermined search pattern. After running FASTOPEN, each time you use a file or directory, the …

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sort MS-DOS Command

Type: External (2.0 and later) Syntax: SORT [/R][/+n] < (filename) SORT [/R][/+n] > (filename2) Purpose: Sorts input and sends it to the screen or to a file. Discussion SORT is a filter command (reads from input, transforms it, and outputs it to the screen, to a file, or to a …

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unformat MS-DOS Command

Type: External (5.0 and later) Syntax: UNFORMAT d: [/J][/L][/test][/partn][/P][/U] Purpose: Used to undo the effects of formatting a disk. Discussion The UNFORMAT command is used to recover files on a disk that have been erased by using the FORMAT command. NOTE: The UNFORMAT command cannot always recover all the files …

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