General

stacks MS-DOS Command

Type: Internal (3.2 and later) Syntax: STACKS STACKS=(number),(size) Purpose: Used in the CONFIG.SYS file to set the number of stack frames and the size of each stack frame. Discussion One stack is required whenever DOS receives a hardware interrupt from a device. The information DOS needs to resume the interrupted …

Read More »

find MS-DOS Command

Type: External (2.0 and later) Syntax: FIND [/V][/C][/I][/N] string [d:][path]filename[…] Purpose: Finds and reports the location of a specific string of text characters in one or more files. Discussion FIND is a filter command (reads from input, transforms it, and outputs it to the screen, to a file, or to …

Read More »

devicehigh MS-DOS Command

Type: Internal (5.0 and later) Syntax: DEVICEHIGH=[d:][\path]\filename [parameters] DEVICE [/L:region, min;region,min…] [/S] =[d:][\path]\filename DEVICE [size=hexsize] [d:][\path]\filename [parameters] Purpose: Used in the CONFIG.SYS file to load device drivers into upper memory. Discussion Before DOS can load a device driver into upper memory, there must be an upper memory block (UMB) provider …

Read More »

subst MS-DOS Command

Type: External (3.1 and later) Syntax: SUBST d: d:path SUBST d: /D Purpose: Substitutes a virtual drive letter for a path designation. Discussion Use the SUBST command to substitute a drive letter for a path in order to treat a virtual drive (a reserved area rather than an actual disk …

Read More »

type MS-DOS Command

Type: Internal (1.0 and later) Syntax: TYPE [d:][path]filename Purpose: Displays the contents of a file. Discussion When you use the TYPE command, the file is displayed with limited on-screen formatting. Tabs are expanded and generally displayed as eight spaces wide. If you display files that contain special (non-text) characters, these …

Read More »

label MS-DOS Command

Type: External (3.0 and later) Syntax: LABEL [d:][volume label] Purpose: Creates or changes or deletes a volume label for a disk. Discussion A volume label may consist of up to eleven characters (the same characters that are legal for a file name). If you enter an erroneous volume label, the …

Read More »

files MS-DOS Command

Type: Internal (2.0 and later) Syntax: FILES=(number) Purpose: Used in the CONFIG.SYS file to specify the maximum number of files that can be open at the same time. Discussion You should specify a FILES= value of at least 20 to satisfy most of today’s application programs. Some programs, such as …

Read More »

dosshell MS-DOS Command

Type: External (4.0 and later) Syntax: DOSSHELL DOSSHELL [/B] [/G:[resolution][n]]|[/T:[resolution][n]] Purpose: Initiates the graphic shell program using the specified screen resolution. (In DOS Version 6, this program is stored on the DOS supplemental disk.) Discussion Provides a visual representation of the files and directories on disks. Using the DOS Shell, …

Read More »

for MS-DOS Command

Type: Internal (2.0 and later) Syntax: FOR %%(variable) IN set DO (command) or for interactive processing FOR %%(variable) IN set DO (command) Purpose: Performs repeated execution of commands (for both batch processing and interactive processing). Discussion %% variable can be any character. set can be one or more file specifications. …

Read More »

shell MS-DOS Command

Type: Internal (2.0 and later) Syntax: SHELL=[d:][path]filename [parameters] Purpose: Used in the CONFIG.SYS file to specify the command interpreter that DOS should use. Discussion In most cases DOS will use the command interpreter COMMAND.COM. If you are using another command interpreter, or if DOS is not in the root directory, …

Read More »