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The Mathematics of Computing

The Mathematics of Computing If you have arrived here through a search engine, and there’s no menu to the left click here! As is the case with most things involving mathematical calculations, we tend to designate numerical values by using decimal notations. As an example, each digit having one of …

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Customer Assistance

Please complete as much information as possible, especially where you see (req) in red. This will insure that we can reach you with a response. You will be receiving a response from a technician, not a computer generated response, therefore the more information you can provide the easier it will …

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AwardBIOS Error Messages

AwardBIOS Error Messages When a personal computer is first turned on, the BIOS tests and configures various components to ensure that they are operating correctly.  This operation is called POST (power-on self test).  If the BIOS detects any problems during this testing phase, it will attempt to continue to start …

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What is an Config.sys file?

What does BIOS mean? BIOS is an acronym for Basic Input/Output System. It is the boot firmware program on a PC, and controls the computer from the time you start it up until the operating system takes over. When you turn on a PC, the BIOS first conducts a basic …

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Linux Windows 2000 Dual-Boot Problems

Windows® 2000 – Linux Dual-Boot Work-Around If you have arrived here through a search engine, and there’s no menu to the left click here! Does this scenario sound familiar? You have checked everything and thought it through. You made certain that your test PC was Windows® 2000 compliant, then you …

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Guidelines for Configuring and Managing Dual and Multi-Boot Configurations

Quick Guideline for Configuring and Managing Dual and Multi-Boot Configurations using Windows NT 4.0/Windows 2000/Windows 95/98 and Linux Many people dream of an all-encompassing operating system, one upon which you can run all of your essential business and productivity applications, as well as use to develop applications and play any …

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Keyboard Controller Failure

Keyboard Controller Failure If you have arrived here through a search engine, and there’s no menu to the left click here! Explanation: The system has detected what appears to be a failure with the keyboard controller, which interfaces the keyboard to the motherboard. Early computers relied upon an Intel 8042 …

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MS-DOS Memory Issues

MS-DOS Memory Issues The differences between various kinds of memory. Conventional Memory Conventional memory is contiguous memory directly used by applications running on any Intel 80×86 microprocessor that is running in real mode under unaugmented MS-DOS. Addressed from 0 to 640KB (up to 736KB with special device drivers and hardware). …

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What are binary, octal, and hexadecimal notations?

What are binary, octal, and hexadecimal notations? Binary Notation All data in modern computers is stored as series of bits. A bit can take on one of two values. The two values are generally represented as the numbers 0 and 1. The most basic form of representing computer data, then, …

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SMART Technology

What is S.M.A.R.T.? S.M.A.R.T. is a system that enables the PC to predict the future failure of devices such as disk drives. Armed with a failure prediction, the user or system manager can back up key data, replace a suspect device prior to data loss, or avoid undesired downtime. S.M.A.R.T. …

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