are installing Windows 98 for the first time or reinstalling it
in order to clean out accumulated of old files and clutter, with a
little planning and forethought, the installation can and does go smoothly.
Windows can be as simple as you make it!
95, Windows 98 is a much simpler operating system to install, use and
maintain. While many find it necessary to attack both Microsoft and
Windows 98, none of these people offer an alternative operating system that is nearly as robust.
While we have quite a few of these alternatives, we haven't found
one of them that doesn't require ongoing tinkering to get it even close
to the way you want it so that you can get to the main issue,
getting some work done and/or enjoying some serious play!
Anyway, enough of that, let's get on with
understanding the different versions of Windows 98 and what is require
to load them. Windows 98 is available in three (3) principal
flavors. While there
are a few odd version numbers floating around, the following are the
common released versions:
- Windows 98 Original Version* (The first retail version 4/98)
- Windows 98 (The original version with the Service Pack added)
- Windows 98 (Original Equipment Manufacturer OEM version)
- Windows 98SE (Windows 98 Second Edition)
- And naturally the Windows 98 Upgrade version!
Note, while there are differences between the versions, most
of which are minor, the exception is Windows 98 Second Edition, Second
Edition incorporates ICS (Internet Connection Sharing). Much has been written
about the differences between the retail release of Windows 98
and the OEM version, however when you examine it closely this is usually
that persons perception, as the only real differences are possibly a few more drivers and
a few updated files. This is the result of the fact that the OEM version was released later
and is updated more frequently.
Unlike Windows 95, which was initially developed around the 486 MHz style
processor, Windows easily recognizes most processors through the 667MHz
Intel Pentium III and most of the Athlon processors. Of course, as motherboards,
chipsets and other devices
evolve additional drivers, other than those found on the Windows 98 CD, will
be needed. You must keep in mind that, if a particular
device in your computer was being developed during or after the development
and release of
Windows 98, then in all probability the devices
drivers for that device will have to be added after you have
accomplished the initial
installation of the operating system.
Let's review first what has
been done (or should have been done) at this point, along with a checklist
of items that you should do before starting the actual installation
You should have:
partitioned your hard
drive (if need be) and chosen whether you were using Fat 16 or Fat
32. Note: Bear in mind that if you choose FAT 16 you will have a 2
gigabyte partition size limitation.
made the very first
partition the active partition.
formatted the hard drive
and transferred the system files to it.
have your Windows 98
Startup Boot Disk ready
What you will need to do if
they haven't been done already:
If your motherboard relies
on any of the early chipsets, such as TX, BX, FX, GX etcetera, the
drivers will be on the Windows 98 CD. If, on the other hand, your
motherboard relies on any of the newer Intel chipsets such as the
i810, i820, i840 etcetera, you will need the Intel drivers for those
chipsets which should be on the Intel drivers CD. Likewise, if your
motherboard relies on the VIA chipset, or employs the ATA66 IDE
bus, then you will need appropriate drivers for this as well. These
drivers can be found on most manufacturers websites or we can
provide them upon request.
You may need drivers for
your modem, sound card, video card and if equipped, your SCSI (Small
Computer System Interface) card and/or network card.
Make sure that any
external devices such as printers or scanners are disconnected from
the computer. During the Windows 98 installation process, the
hardware interrogation modules that locate devices in your computer
may find these external devices and try to load them. In all
probability they will not be loaded correctly and only serve to make
the installation process more difficult.
If you have everything together that you need, then let's get
First, restart your
computer with the Windows 98 Startup Boot Disk. During the startup
process, a menu will pop up asking you whether you want to boot with
or without CD-Rom drive support or whether you want more
information. Select "With CD-Rom drive support".
When the system
finishes the boot process, take note of the drive letter that is
assigned to your CD Rom drive. As an example, if your computer has
only one hard drive, and on that drive only one partition, and you
only have one CD Rom drive, normally that CD Rom drive letter would
be "D". This is not the case with the Windows 98 Startup
Boot Disk. The special boot floppy used by Windows 98 now comes with
all of the tools necessary to prepare your hard drive and load
Windows 98. To accomplish this, the boot disk creates a
"virtual drive" into which are copied all of these tools
and it is then assigned a drive letter right after the hard drive.
Therefore, given the same circumstances as described above, your CD
Rom drive letter will be bumped from "D" to "E"
for the installation. Note however, that this temporary drive
assignment will revert to the normal "D" drive letter
assignment at the conclusion
of the installation.
At the MS-DOS prompt "A:\>"
type "E:\setup" (without
the quotes) and touch the enter key. "E" represents your CD-Rom drive
letter. It should look like this before you touch the enter key: A:\>E:\setup.
If you have more than one hard drive and/or partition, you will
need to change "E" to whatever drive letter the Windows 98
Start Boot Disk created during the boot process.
"Next" button and we will take you through a step by step
of what you should see throughout the installation process.
you rather go back to the beginning? Then click