certain that you have created a backup of everything that you may need to use or restore later,
such as data files, music files, picture files, mail and address lists, drivers for your
sound card, video card, modem and CD Rom drive.
also want to save certain of your applications and their updates.
very least, make sure you have all your passwords and phone numbers for connections
safely stored on floppy disks. If passwords are stored and you don't remember them,
this could be a potential problem. One way around it though would be to change all
of them prior to shutting down and then write down each new password.
NOTE: If you
have multiple drives then the other drive might be the place to store information
while you re-partition and reformat the first drive. If you want to change the
second drive too, you can do that after having installed Windows 95 on the first drive.
but not least, you will need a Boot or Startup Floppy Disk. If you are installing the full
retail version of Windows 95, then Microsoft will have provided you with this boot floppy disk.
If, you are using the OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturer) version, also
known as OSR2b, you should have a special floppy disk for handling the
installation. If, on the other hand, you are doing a reinstallation using
an Windows 95 Upgrade CD-Rom disk and do not have a boot
floppy with your CD Rom drivers already on it, then you may need to make one.
use a new floppy diskette if possible and insert
it into the drive.
is a "must do" under all circumstances, as without this special
Startup Disk, you will not have driver files that will enable you to
access your CD-ROM drive to load the Windows 95 operating system. We
also highly recommend that you create this Startup Disk and then boot to
it to insure that it works and that you can access your CD-ROM drive!
you will find three methods below for building this floppy Startup Disk.
The First Procedure:
Insert a new floppy disk into the floppy drive and
format it and add the system files. You can do this by going to "My
Computer" and right click on the floppy drive and choose format and
transfer the system files.
Next, you'll have to add a few
files to your new Startup Disk. Leave the floppy in the drive and search
for the following files using "Find, Files and Folders". When
found, just send them to the floppy. You will need: Scandisk.exe, Himem.sys,
Emm386.exe, Mscdex.exe, Edit.com, Fdisk.exe, Format.com, Config.sys, Autoexec.bat
as well as the drivers for your CD-ROM drive, which should be "yourfile.sys".
Next, you will need to rebuild
two files, your config.sys and autoexec.bat, in order to enable you to
access your CD-Rom drive when you boot to the Startup Disk. If you have
access to a working Windows 95 computer, insert the Startup Disk with the
above files. Open Notepad or Wordpad and then open the config.sys file. You
will need to change the config.sys file to look like the following:
DEVICE=A:\*******.SYS /D:MSCD001 (****.sys is your cd rom driver)
Next, you will need to change
the autoexec.bat file to look something like this:
That's it, now boot to the floppy
to test it. If it works, then you are ready to repartition the hard drive,
format it and install the operating system.
The Second Procedure:
If you have any difficulty at all creating the above Startup
floppy disk, then just create the bootable floppy disk itself.
you have the original version of Windows 95, not Windows 95 OSR2, the
OEM version, then click on this link DOWNLOAD
and download the files needed and unzip them to your formatted bootable
floppy. Again, boot to the newly created floppy to test it and make certain
that you have access to your CD-Rom drive.
If you have Windows 95 OSR2b,
then click on this link DOWNLOAD
and download the appropriate files for Windows 95 OSR2b.
The Third Procedure
If, for some reason, you
are unable to format a floppy disk and make it bootable, then try this.
Insert a new floppy disk
into your drive. It must be new and preformatted.
Next, click on this link DOWNLOAD
and download the boot files you need in an executable format (For the
Original Version only!) and save them to your floppy drive, NOT YOUR
HARD DRIVE! Once they are on the floppy, open Windows Explorer, locate
the executable and double click it. The files will expand and your
floppy will be ready for use.
For Windows 95 OSR2b, use
this link DOWNLOAD.
Now boot to this new
Startup disk and test it to make sure you have access to your CR-Rom
Insert the boot disk into the floppy drive and then restart your computer.
As the system begins the boot
process and boots to the startup disk, your CD-Rom drivers will begin to
load. For now, you can ignore them.
When the system finishes the
startup or boot process, you will see the MS-DOS prompt on the screen,
which will look something like this: A:\>
At the MS-DOS prompt, type
"Fdisk" (without the quotes) and touch enter.
You will then be asked whether
or not you want large hard drive support or the FAT 32 file system. An
explanation of the FAT (File Allocation Table) can be found elsewhere at
this web site. Suffice it to say that if you choose N or No at the prompt,
you will be limited to FAT 16 and a 2 gigabyte partition size, while FAT
32 does not have this limitation. Therefore, selecting "N" will
give you FAT 16 and a 2 gigabyte partition and "Y" will enable
large hard drive support, or the FAT 32 file system. Answer "Y"
and let's move on.
At the next menu, you will be
provided with a number of choices:
Since we are deleting the original
partition, select 3 from the menu - Delete ......
Next, select 3 from next menu to
delete any logical DOS drives first;
Next, delete any extended DOS partitions
you find, (menu item 2) and then delete the primary partition (menu item 1) both on
the second menu after selecting 3 delete from the first menu.
Now restart your computer and boot back
to the Start Up Floppy. Again type "Fdisk" (no quotes) at the MS-DOS
At this point in time you will need to
have decided how you want to partition your drive. If you want to use FAT16 or a
primary FAT16 partition, then respond to the question about large drive support by
selecting "N". If you want to use FAT 32 and large hard drive support,
then select "Y".
Make a primary partition (menu item 1 then
select 1). Select the partition size. The maximum for FAT 16 is about 2.1G, and for FAT
32 you can select the drive size you desire up to the limits of the drive or the motherboard
bios limitations if there are any. Only create the primary partition at this time. You
can make the entire drive a single primary partition or you can segment the drive any way
you wish, such as primary, then extended logical drives. Once this has been done, touch
the ESC key a few times to exit Fdisk and then restart the computer and boot back to the Startup
Disk. If you want to install a second partition or logical drive, then follow the instructions
in #7. If you want only one single partition, then move on to step #9.
At the MS-DOS prompt, again type Fdisk. This time,
when asked about large disk support, select "Y". Use menu item 1 and then 1 (if you did not create
a primary partition using FAT16 above). Next use Menu item 1 and then menu item 2 to create an
extended DOS partition. Make this the size of the rest of the drive. (this is not needed if you
made the whole drive a primary partition).
Next select menu item 1 'create ...." then menu
item 3 to make logical DOS drives. Make the size whatever you want up to whatever space is available.
You may create one or more logical drives.
that you use menu item 2 in Fdisk to set the primary partition as active,
as if you forget you won't be able to format that partition and your
computer will not provide any clue as to why not.
Restart your computer to the
Startup Floppy, and then format the partition<s> you have created.
The correct syntax at the MS-DOS prompt is "Format c:/s"
(without the quotes) and touch enter.
Once the format has completed,
remove the Startup Disk from the floppy drive and restart the system and verify that the
that you fdisk'd are accessible and readable. If you have done everything
correctly, your computer will boot to a C:\> prompt.
your Startup disk and boot to it. You are now ready to install
the operating system.