Installing Windows 95®


Running Windows 95 Installation Setup

This following describes the procedures for installing Windows 95 on a cleanly formatted hard disk of a computer.

If you only need to view the setup procedure for a specific area, then click on the appropriate bookmark button below.

Gathering Information Selecting Network Components
  Choosing a Windows Directory   Remove a Network Component
  Install to a New Directory   Add a Network Component
  Selecting the Type of Setup   Select a Network Client
  Specify a Custom Setup   Configure a Network Adapter
  Checking Disk Space   Configure Network Protocols
  Providing User Information   Configure a Network Service
Analyzing your Computer Specify the Computer Identification
  Windows 95 Hardware Detection Changing Settings in Custom Setup
  Modify Hardware Detection   Configure Hardware Options
  Hardware Detect-Safe Recovery Create a Startup Disk
Selecting Software Components Copying Files & Complete Setup
 

Change an installed component

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  Set and Configure Time Zone
    Installing a Printer

Gathering Information

Most of information needed to install Windows 95 is gathered automatically during Windows 95 Setup before you are asked to do anything. The following tasks are generated to guide you through providing the information needed to install and configure the operating system:

Choosing the Windows Directory

By default, Setup installs Windows 95 to C:\windows, however you can install Windows 95 to another directory of your choosing.

To install Windows 95 in a new directory

  1. Click the Other Directory option, and then click the Next button.

 

Type a new directory name, and then click the Next button.

Note #1: If, by chance, you are reinstalling Windows 95 over an existing installation and you choose to install Windows 95 in a new directory, you may need to reinstall your Windows-based applications because of the manner in which Windows 95 stores configuration information, and because application support files such as DLLs will be missing from the Windows 95 directory. Windows 95 Setup cannot transfer this information automatically.

Note #2: You cannot migrate system settings and groups under Windows 95, because .GRP files and .INI file entries cannot be used by Windows 95 unless Windows 95 Setup migrates this information to the Registry. You must run Windows 95 Setup and install Windows 95 in the existing Windows directory to migrate files.

Selecting the Type of Setup

Windows 95 Setup asks you to select the type of setup you want, "Typical, Portable, Compact, or Custom Setup". By default, the Typical Setup option is selected, however we recommend that you select "Custom" and choose all the options you want now rather than having to add something later.

To specify Custom Setup

Checking Disk Space for Windows 95

After you select the directory for Windows 95, Setup checks the hard disk, prepares the directory, and verifies that there is enough free disk space for Windows 95. If there is insufficient space on the destination drive, Windows 95 Setup warns you about the lack of space, and displays the minimum and complete installation space requirements.

If you continue even though there is insufficient disk space, the installation might be incomplete. If Setup runs out of disk space, it stops and displays an error message; you must free additional disk space and then run Setup again.

Providing User Information

The information requested during this part of Setup is required, no matter what setup type you specified.

After completing the disk-space check, Windows 95 Setup asks you to type your name and company name. Windows 95 uses your name and company name to identify you for various operations. You must type and verify a response for Setup to continue.

Windows 95 Setup next requests a product identification number. You must type and verify a response for Setup to continue. The Product ID dialog box might not appear if you are installing Windows 95 from a network, depending on the requirements at your site. The product ID number can be found on your Windows 95 disks or your Certificate of Authenticity.

Analyzing the Computer

After you complete the user information, Windows 95 Setup prepares for the hardware detection phase. Setup can search automatically for all basic system components such as disk drives and controllers, display devices, pointing devices, and keyboards.

For Typical Setup, you can choose to skip detection for certain hardware, such as CD-ROM or multimedia devices, depending on what Setup finds during its safe-detection examination of the hardware. If Setup proposes to skip detection of certain hardware, but you know that these types of devices are attached to the computer, you can override the suggestion and have Setup detect the devices. Otherwise, skipping detection for the devices as suggested by Setup saves time during installation.

For Custom Setup, you can specify whether you want Setup to skip detecting any specific devices attached to your computer. Usually, you should let Setup detect the system hardware unless you know that the computer contains devices that cause problems during the hardware detection phase. For example, you should have Setup skip detection of a particular device if Setup failed previously while detecting that device and if Safe Recovery does not skip detecting that device when you run Setup again.

For information about specific device types supported in Windows 95, see the Manufacturers and Models lists in the Add New Hardware wizard and the Windows 95 README and SETUP.TXT files.

To have Windows 95 Setup attempt to detect all system hardware

To modify the list of hardware to be detected in Custom Setup

  1. On the first Analyzing Your Computer screen, click the option named No, I Want To Modify The Hardware List, and then click the Next button.

    The second Analyzing Your Computer screen appears, containing lists of the components that Windows 95 Setup proposes to detect.

  2. To avoid detecting a specific class of hardware, make sure the hardware class is not checked in the Hardware Types list.

    – Or –

    To avoid detecting a specific manufacturer and model of a hardware device (while detecting other devices in that class), make sure the related hardware type is checked, and then make sure the item you want to skip in the Manufacturer And Model list, is not checked.

    If a Hardware Type is grayed (but not checked), then you cannot change how Windows 95 Setup detects that class of hardware.

    Note The list of CD-ROM drives shows only proprietary drives that require special installation consideration. All other CD-ROM drives are detected automatically.

  3. To begin hardware detection, click the Next button, and then click it again.

The hardware detection process can take several minutes. The progress indicator shows what portion of hardware detection has been completed. Notice that this is also the point at which Windows 95 Setup can stall if hardware detection fails for a particular system component.

To continue if Windows 95 Setup stops during hardware detection

  1. Press F3 or click the Cancel button to quit Setup.

    If the computer does not respond to the Cancel button, restart the computer by turning it off and then back on again.

  2. Run Setup again.

    Setup prompts you to use Safe Recovery to recover the failed installation.

  3. Click Use Safe Recovery, and then click the Next button.

  4. Repeat your installation choices.

    Hardware detection runs again, but Setup skips the portion that caused the initial failure.

  5. If the computer stops again during the hardware detection process, repeat this procedure until the hardware detection portion of Setup completes successfully.

Selecting Software Components

If you are running Typical Setup, the following screen appears so that you can specify whether you want to choose the accessories and other software to be installed with Windows 95:

This screen appears for the Typical Setup:

If you choose the option for customizing the list of components to be installed, the Select Components dialog box appears. (For Custom Setup, the Select Components screen appears automatically.) Notice that the Components list includes information about the disk space required for that component.

To change whether any component is installed:

  1. In the Components list, select a component category, and then click the Details button.

    A dialog box appears, listing the components in the category.

  2. Select the component you want to install, and then click OK.

  1. Repeat this procedure for each category in the Components list on the Select Component screen.

  2. When you are satisfied with your selections, click the Next button.

Note You can install or remove any of these components after Windows 95 is installed by using the Add/Remove Programs option in Control Panel.

Selecting Network Components in Custom Setup

This option is available only for Custom Setup!

Windows 95 Setup allows you to specify network components and settings. The following summarizes the options for modifying network settings during setup.

Note Windows 95 Setup provides appropriate settings based on hardware and software detection for the network components running when you start Setup. You should accept the default settings unless you know that specific settings need to be changed.

To remove a network component from the list of components to be installed:

To add a network component to the list of components to be installed:

  1. In the Network Configuration screen, click the Add button.

  2. In the Select Network Component Type dialog box, select the type of component you want to add, and then click the Add button.

  1. Note: If you are installing a real-mode (16-bit) network client from another vendor, the Adapter, Protocol, and Service component types are not available.

  2. In the dialog box for the selected component type, select the manufacturer of the component in the Manufacturers list, and then click the appropriate version in the list of models. Click OK.

  3. To configure settings for the component you just added, click the component and then click the Properties button.

Note: Windows 95 Setup uses default settings for all components!

Important:

If your computer is connected to a Windows NT domain, be sure to configure the Client for Microsoft Networks in order to specify the correct domain for logon validation. This ensures you that you can log on to your preferred domain and your network printer selections are available automatically.

Note: If you do not specify a domain name when you are installing Windows 95 from source files on the network, Setup might not be able to access required files for completing the final stages of installation.

Selecting the Network Client:

If you choose to add a network client, Windows 95 Setup displays a list of supported networks. Windows 95 supports the following network types, although in most cases you also need to use supporting software from the network vendor:

Note: Artisoft LANtastic cannot be used with a 32-bit, protected-mode networking client such as Client for Microsoft Networks. This client must be installed as the sole network client on the computer.

To use Microsoft networking features, you must install Client for Microsoft Networks. To use Windows 95 on a NetWare network, you must install the supporting client software. If you let Setup automatically install the Microsoft 32-bit, protected-mode Client for NetWare Networks, you can take advantage of automatic reconnection to servers and client-side caching for network information, in addition to the improved performance of the protected-mode implementation.

Important: If your computer is connected to a Windows NT domain, be sure to configure Client for Microsoft Networks to specify the correct domain for logon validation. If you do not specify a valid domain, you might have problems completing the final stages of Setup if required resources are protected by Windows NT security.

Selecting and Configuring a Network Adapter

Windows 95 supports multiple network adapters (also called network interface cards, or NICs) in a manner similar to Windows for Workgroups 3.11 — that is, up to four network adapters can be supported in a single computer.

Network detection automatically determines the type of network adapter and its required resource settings. This is always the recommended method for configuring network adapters. If you choose to add a network adapter, Windows 95 displays a list of supported network adapters.

 

Selecting and Configuring the Network Protocols

Windows 95 Setup automatically installs the appropriate protocol for the network client you select. Microsoft provides 32-bit, protected-mode versions of these protocols:

Protocols to support other network clients are also provided with Windows 95.

Selecting and Configuring a Network Service

Network services provide additional networking support. Microsoft provides several supporting network services for Windows 95. Services included on the Windows 95 installation disks include peer resource sharing services (File and Printer Sharing for NetWare Networks or File and Printer Sharing for Microsoft Networks). These services allow other computers on the network to share file, printer, and CD-ROM resources on this computer.

Additional network services, such as backup agents, a Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) agent, the Microsoft Remote Registry agent, are also provided on the Windows 95 compact disc in the ADMIN directory.

Specifying Computer Identification

The Identification screen allows you to specify how the computer is identified on the network.

Changing Computer Settings in Custom Setup

This option is available only for Custom Setup!

Windows 95 Setup detects the hardware in the computer and determines appropriate default values for configuring the hardware. Usually, you should accept the values determined through hardware detection, unless you know that a manual setting must be supplied.

Note: You can select options in the Computer Settings screen for Advanced Power Management (an option on some portable computers), Regional Settings (the local language preference), and Windows User Interface (Windows 95 versus Program Manager). You can also add multi-language support for Eastern European, Greek, or Cyrillic languages if you are installing an English or Western European version of Windows 95.

To configure system hardware options

  1. In the Computer Settings screen, click the item in the list you want to change, and then click the Change button.

 

The Select Device dialog box appears. A list displays the models that are identified as compatible for the hardware detected in your computer.

Note: If Windows 95 does not have a new driver for your display adapter when upgrading over a previous version of Windows, it reports it as Standard Display Adapter (VGA) in the Computer Settings list. Later, Windows 95 displays a message stating that your display driver is invalid, at which time you can update the driver.

Creating a Startup Disk

In the Startup Disk screen, Windows 95 Setup offers to create an emergency startup disk that contains basic system files. You can use this disk to start Windows 95 when you cannot start the operating system from the hard disk. Creating the startup disk is the default option, but you can choose to bypass this step.

Important It is strongly recommended that you create a startup disk during Windows 95 Setup. If you want to create a startup disk after Windows 95 has been installed, you can use the Add/Remove Programs option in Control Panel to create one.

To create a startup disk

Copying Files and Completing Setup

After hardware detection is complete and Windows 95 Setup has obtained all required information, the next phase of Windows 95 Setup begins. During this phase, the Windows 95 files are copied to the destination drive and directory.

If you chose to have Windows 95 Setup create a startup disk, Setup asks you to insert a floppy disk into drive A. The disk does not need to be formatted or empty, but any information you have stored on the disk will be permanently deleted. After you insert the disk, click OK to create the startup disk. Windows 95 Setup formats the disk and copies the appropriate files.

When the basic installation steps are completed, Windows 95 Setup asks you to remove any disks from the floppy disk drives. After you click OK, the computer is restarted, and the final phase of the installation process begins, which includes converting Windows Program Manager groups and migrating various system configuration settings to the Registry.

Near the end of the installation process, Windows 95 Setup asks you to complete several configuration options. These configuration options are referred to as Run-Once options, because after you have completed the installation steps for these options, that particular set of activities is not repeated again when you choose the related option in Control Panel.

Setting the Local Time Zone

Setup prompts you to set the time zone for your location. This is an important step for network computers that need to keep time stamps synchronized.

To configure the local time zone

 

Installing and Configuring a Printer

If you are installing Windows 95 in a new directory or on a computer that did not have a previous version of Windows, Windows 95 Setup automatically runs the Add Printer wizard the first time that Windows 95 is started after the basic installation is complete.

To configure a printer during Windows 95 Setup

If you want to install or change a printer after Windows 95 is installed, double-click the Printers folder in My Computer. If you are reinstalling Windows 95 in the same directory as an earlier installation of Windows, then your previous printer configuration is incorporated into Windows 95 and the wizard for installing printers does not run during Setup.

Configuring Microsoft Exchange

During the final stages of Windows 95 Setup, the Inbox Setup wizard runs automatically if you selected Microsoft Exchange in the Select Components screen.

If the administrator has already created a postoffice, added users to it, and shared it with all users on the network, the postoffice name and location appear in the dialog box automatically without requiring you to type this information. This makes setting up the Microsoft Exchange client with the Microsoft Mail workgroup postoffice easy for all users in the workgroup.

To configure the Microsoft Exchange client

  1. When the Inbox Setup wizard appears, follow the instructions on the screen for configuring the Microsoft Exchange client on your computer.

  2. If you also selected Microsoft Mail Services in addition to Microsoft Exchange, the wizard prompts you for the path name for the postoffice location, your Microsoft Mail user name, and Microsoft Mail password.

Completing Windows 95 Setup

Depending on the options you selected during Setup, the hardware devices you have, or the computer you have, additional Run-Once options might need to be completed, such as the wizard for configuring MIDI devices. After all the Run-Once options are completed, all of the files are installed, and the computer is configured to run your applications, you may want to check Device Manager to insure that all of the hardware devices have loaded correctly. To continue on to Device Manager issues, click "next".

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